Characters in Hamlet and Hamlet Character Analysis

 Here are the main characters in William Shakespeare's play "Hamlet":

Hamlet - the Prince of Denmark, the protagonist, and the son of the late King Hamlet and Queen Gertrude.

Claudius - the new King of Denmark, Hamlet's uncle, and the brother of the late King Hamlet.

Gertrude - the Queen of Denmark, Hamlet's mother, and the widow of the late King Hamlet.

Polonius - the Lord Chamberlain of Denmark, the father of Ophelia and Laertes, and a counselor to King Claudius.

Ophelia - Polonius's daughter, Hamlet's love interest, and a victim of the tragic events in the play.

Horatio - Hamlet's closest friend and confidant, a fellow student at Wittenberg University.

Laertes - Polonius's son, Ophelia's brother, and a foil to Hamlet in the play.

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern - two of Hamlet's childhood friends and classmates, who are hired by King Claudius to spy on Hamlet.

Fortinbras - the Prince of Norway, whose father was killed by Hamlet's father in battle before the events of the play.

The Ghost - the spirit of Hamlet's father, who appears to Hamlet and sets in motion the plot of the play.


Hamlet is the main character in William Shakespeare's play "Hamlet." He is the Prince of Denmark, and the play follows his journey as he seeks revenge for his father's murder while also grappling with existential questions about life, death, and the meaning of existence.

 Hamlet is a complex character, and his personality and motivations are often difficult to pin down. However, several key traits and themes emerge throughout the play that help to define his character.

Indecision and Procrastination

One of the most prominent aspects of Hamlet's character is his indecision and procrastination. Throughout the play, he struggles with the task of avenging his father's murder, and he repeatedly hesitates and delays taking action. This indecision is often seen as a weakness and a flaw in his character, but it is also a reflection of his deep thinking and introspection.

Intelligence and Wit

Hamlet is known for his intelligence and wit, and he is often praised for his clever wordplay and verbal sparring with other characters. This intelligence is both a strength and a weakness, as it allows him to see through the lies and deceptions of those around him, but it also leads him to overthink and become paralyzed by his own doubts.

Melancholy and Despair

Hamlet is a deeply melancholic and despairing character, and he often laments the futility of human existence and the inevitability of death. This sense of despair is tied to his experiences of loss and betrayal, as he struggles to come to terms with his father's murder and his own sense of powerlessness.

Oedipal Complex

One of the most controversial aspects of Hamlet's character is his supposed Oedipal complex, which is a psychoanalytic theory that suggests he has repressed sexual desires for his mother. While this interpretation is not universally accepted, there are several moments in the play that suggest a complex and fraught relationship between Hamlet and his mother.

Overall, Hamlet is a complex and multifaceted character who grapples with a range of existential, psychological, and emotional issues throughout the play. His indecision, intelligence, melancholy, and possible Oedipal complex are all key aspects of his character that contribute to his tragic fate.

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