What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is an eye condition. So that causes the macula to gradually worsen. Sharpness is produced by a small region of the retina in the center. Progression of macular degeneration is the primary focus.

Macular degeneration can affect people of any age. But it is most common in people over 50. Prescription drugs, laser therapy, and nutritional supplements are all options for treating macular degeneration.

Gradual vision loss, including blurriness, blind patches, and trouble identifying faces, occurs. AMD is a prevalent disorder and the main reason why older persons lose their vision. AMD doesn't result in total blindness. However, it becomes challenging to see faces when your center vision is lost. Drive, read, or perform nearby duties like cooking or housekeeping.

What are the types and stages of macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is classified into three stages: early, intermediate and late. In the early stages of macular degeneration, there may be no symptoms, but as it progresses, some blurring or other vision problems may occur.
Dry macular degeneration affects 80% of people with the condition. As a result, the center of the retina is damaged, causing blurred central vision.
Wet: This is a less common but more dangerous type. Rapid vision loss is a common side effect. This type of macular degeneration is at risk for central vision loss because the blood vessels behind the retina are more leaky.

Causes and risk factors

Age-related macular degeneration's root causes are still poorly understood. The retinal sensory cells' hyperactive metabolic processes are thought to be the cause of AMD. Byproducts from these processes are normally broken down by the body. However, when the body is unable to break down these substances, drusen, or small deposits, begin to form. The retina is prevented from receiving sufficient oxygen and nutrients by these deposits. in AMD's dried form. The retina's light-sensitive cells die as a result. Changes can also occur in the pigment beneath the retina.
In wet macular degeneration. New blood vessels begin to grow as a response to the accumulation under the retina. They grow into the retina and can lift it up.

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